Physics of Medical Imaging

Therapy operating characteristic curves: tools for precision chemotherapy

[+] Author Affiliations
Harrison H. Barrett

University of Arizona, College of Optical Sciences, 1630 East University Boulevard, Tucson, Arizona 85721, United States

University of Arizona, Center for Gamma-Ray Imaging, Department of Medical Imaging, Radiology Research Laboratory, Arizona Health Sciences Center, 1609 North Warren Avenue, Tucson, Arizona 85724, United States

University of Arizona Cancer Center, 1515 North Campbell Avenue, Tucson, Arizona 85724, United States

David S. Alberts

University of Arizona Cancer Center, 1515 North Campbell Avenue, Tucson, Arizona 85724, United States

James M. Woolfenden

University of Arizona, Center for Gamma-Ray Imaging, Department of Medical Imaging, Radiology Research Laboratory, Arizona Health Sciences Center, 1609 North Warren Avenue, Tucson, Arizona 85724, United States

University of Arizona Cancer Center, 1515 North Campbell Avenue, Tucson, Arizona 85724, United States

Luca Caucci

University of Arizona, Center for Gamma-Ray Imaging, Department of Medical Imaging, Radiology Research Laboratory, Arizona Health Sciences Center, 1609 North Warren Avenue, Tucson, Arizona 85724, United States

John W. Hoppin

inviCRO, 27 Drydock Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02210, United States

J. Med. Imag. 3(2), 023502 (May 02, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JMI.3.2.023502
History: Received December 1, 2015; Accepted April 8, 2016
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Abstract.  The therapy operating characteristic (TOC) curve, developed in the context of radiation therapy, is a plot of the probability of tumor control versus the probability of normal-tissue complications as the overall radiation dose level is varied, e.g., by varying the beam current in external-beam radiotherapy or the total injected activity in radionuclide therapy. This paper shows how TOC can be applied to chemotherapy with the administered drug dosage as the variable. The area under a TOC curve (AUTOC) can be used as a figure of merit for therapeutic efficacy, analogous to the area under an ROC curve (AUROC), which is a figure of merit for diagnostic efficacy. In radiation therapy, AUTOC can be computed for a single patient by using image data along with radiobiological models for tumor response and adverse side effects. The mathematical analogy between response of observers to images and the response of tumors to distributions of a chemotherapy drug is exploited to obtain linear discriminant functions from which AUTOC can be calculated. Methods for using mathematical models of drug delivery and tumor response with imaging data to estimate patient-specific parameters that are needed for calculation of AUTOC are outlined. The implications of this viewpoint for clinical trials are discussed.

Figures in this Article
© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Harrison H. Barrett ; David S. Alberts ; James M. Woolfenden ; Luca Caucci and John W. Hoppin
"Therapy operating characteristic curves: tools for precision chemotherapy", J. Med. Imag. 3(2), 023502 (May 02, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JMI.3.2.023502


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